Motion Graphics with 3D Elements – Technology

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Motion graphics represents all different types of graphic movements, including 3D elements, cell animation, stop motion animation, digital video, film and many other types.The designer of these graphics provides information through the graphic while guiding the readers through a story in some way.

“Interactive Cinema” or “Interactive Fiction” are not very new terms, which are normally taken to be 3D computer games, typically of the adventure or quest type.

In order to form an appropriate communication with the audience of the work, according to the type of message and its audience, there are different methods for creating motion graphics each of which has their own characteristics, disadvantages, and certainly their attractions.

3D Animation:

Due to the brain ability to integrate the two images received from two eyes and to overlap them in order to identify the depth of the environment, it is possible to simulate a 3D environment in the brain by showing two simultaneous images to each eye. For so-doing, the producer records the particular 3D image from two view points and plays it. So, by using a special device which is able to show these two pictures separately for each eye, the audience is able to watch the picture in a completely 3D manner.

The Influential factors and the Elements in Communication:

Motion graphics’ area of activity is an area in which audience attraction is the first priority, while this matter is the second priority for the field of brochures,posters, and other printed media. It is not easily possible to estimate the amount of likeness of the audience and the effects of the poster on the audience when they see a poster. Continuous presence and effect, getting used to it, and waiting for it, that is the element of time, are of the important characteristic of motion graphics. As a result, it seems that motion graphics has a notable characteristic.

Visual Elements of Motion Graphics

Graphics, pictures, and the collection of images which are present in each motion graphic can help improve the quality of the works and increase its popularity to the audience, or vice versa, decrease its worth. The more comfortably the audience deals with the work and the more quickly they find a relationship with the work, the sooner the designer will reach to their goal. These images and visual attractions must be designed in accordance with audiences’ ideas, desires,and criteria so that they will be able to convey the visual messages in the best manner. The important points which can be called main points in visual language grammar and be used inmotion graphics are listed below:

1- The primary visual elements (dot, line, shape, color,direction, etc.);

2- Composition.

3- The methods of creating visual language (simulation, code, abstraction,etc.);

4- visual techniques and recognition of different styles.


Software applications that are commonly used

3Ds Max

3Ds Max is a 3D modeling, animation and rendering software. The application relies on widely used computer 3D technology which works by creating groups of “points” (known as vertices) who form surfaces when connected. The illusion of three dimensions is created by modeling objects out of multiple surfaces. Still pictures, movies and game environments (among other media) can be created with this technique.

After Effects – Adobe

The most commonly used visual effects software. It’s primary uses include motion graphics (title intros and logo animations) and compositing (adding fake stuff into live footage).

Boujou

A 3d motion tracking software that allows the insertion of computer graphics into live-action footage with correct position, scale, orientation, and motion relative to the physical data of the original footage. Also known as matchmoving, Boujou is similar to PFTrack and Syntheyes.

Cinema 4D – Maxon

Cinema 4D is a 3D modeling, animation and rendering software. The application relies on widely used computer 3D technology that works by creating groups of “points” (known as vertices), which form surfaces when connected. The illusion of three dimensions is created by modeling objects out of combined multiple surfaces. Still pictures, movies, and game environments (among other media) can be produced with this technique. Cinema 4d is used on a professional level most commonly for motion graphics. It’s ease of use gives it less of a learning curve. Cinema 4D allows for direct exporting into After Effects which also makes it a preferred software among After Effects users.

Flame – Autodesk

Perhaps the most highly-acclaimed compositing software is Flame, which runs on its own operating system.High level of interactivity required for client-assisted production and quick turnaround on time-critical projects.

Maya

Maya always looks like a special software for cg artists because of its “node base” system. It has a really strong ability about animation, particles, dynamics, rendering, modeling etc.

Mocha

Software used for planar tracking and rotoscoping. Comes with tools for wire removal, clean plate generation, lens distortion correction and mesh warping, to deliver an all-in-one VFX tool set. mocha Pro is designed to complement any editing, compositing and finishing environment, and offers digital media artists a powerful, intuitive and innovative planar tracking-based solution with a streamlined interface, accelerated workflow and the power to easily manipulate and track shots not possible with traditional solutions. It allows artists to easily track shots where point trackers fail: shots with noise, shots with motion blur and shots that go offscreen or are obscured. Mocha AE comes free with After Effects CS4 and above.

Nuke

Primarily a compositing software, it is similar to After Effects but used on a more professional level. It is one of the most commonly used compositing softwares on big budget movies. Nuke and Flame are used by most professional vfx companies. Nuke’s uses a node-based approach which allows for powerful workflow within a vfx team. It also has the ability to integrate 3d models making it ideal for 3D compositing and environments. Nuke also allows for deep compositing  which means that artists can work with ‘deep images’ containing multiple opacity or colour samples per pixel. This allows rendering of CGI elements without predetermined holdout mattes, avoiding the need for re-renders when content changes.

PFTrack

A 3d motion tracking software that allows the insertion of computer graphics into live-action footage with correct position, scale, orientation, and motion relative to the physical data of the original footage. Also known as matchmoving PFTrack is similar to Boujou and Syntheyes. PFTrack is probably the most sophisticated tool when it comes to the algorithms used. It also supports object tracking, facial feature tracking (used for motion capture). PFTrack 2011 is node based which is easier for Flame and Nuke users to work with.

Syntheyes

A 3d motion tracking software that allows the insertion of computer graphics into live-action footage with correct position, scale, orientation, and motion relative to the physical data of the original footage. Also known as match moving Syntheyes is similar to Boujou and PFTrack. SynthEyes offers a complete high-end feature set, including tracking, stabilization, motion capture, and mesh building  

Visual Effects Technique

Green Screen  Green screening is a technique for compositing (layering) two images together. A color range in the top layer is made transparent, revealing another image behind. It is also known as the chroma keying technique.

Motion Tracking  Motion Tracking allows the insertion of computer graphics into live-action footage with correct position, scale, orientation, and motion relative to the photographed objects in the shot.Motion tracking is related to rotoscoping and photogrammetry. It is sometimes referred to as match moving.  

3d Modeling  A 3d model is a representation of any three-dimensional surface of object (either inanimate or living) via a 3d modeling software such as Maya, Cinema 4d or 3Ds Max. The product is called a 3D model. It can be displayed as a two-dimensional image through a process called 3D rendering or used in a computer simulation of physical phenomena.

Matte Painting A Matte Painting is made when we combine two or more image elements into a single, final image. Usually, mattes are used to combine a foreground image (such as actors on a set, or a spaceship) with a background image (a scenic vista, a field of stars and planets). In this case, the matte is the background painting. In film and stage, mattes can be physically huge sections of painted canvas, portraying large scenic expanses of landscapes.  

Physical Simulators  Physical simulator software allows simulation of the way bodies of many types are affected by a variety of physical stimuli. They are also used to create Dynamical simulations.

Rotoscoping  Rotoscoping is the process of manually altering film or video footage one frame at a time. The frames can be painted on arbitrarily to create custom animated effects like lightning or light sabres, or traced to create realistic traditional style animation or to produce hold-out mattes for compositing elements in a scene and, more recently, to produce depth maps for stereo conversion.  

3D technology, Video Technology, animation technology, 3D elements,  3d max, cinema 4D, maya, mocha, visual Effects techniques,

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